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Netna Sumi

Netna Sumi is the second largest spoken of all the Sumi languages, its boundries stretch from the Qumal mountains to the King Kinaq Ice Caps. It is also the largest spoken Central Sumi language.


The Netna Sumi alphabet is based on the Russian Cyrillic alphabet.



Case Inflection

Netna Sumi has nine noun cases, three grammatical cases and six oblique.


As in all Sumi languages, positive adjectives are joined as a prefix to the noun they modify. The comparative ands superlative take on different rulles, however. So "Kaмчa" the village could become "юшaкaмчa" the big village or "юшaкaмчaмa" to the big village. The comparative is formed by disconnecting the adjective from the noun and adding the case ending that corresponds to the ending the noun takes to the adjective. So, a phrase like the bigger village translates as "юшa кaмчa" and of the bigger village is "юшacтa кaмчacтa". The superlative is created through the addition of the suffix "-лya" to the adjective. So the biggest house becomes "юшaлya кaмчa".


Netna Sumi uses postpositions rather than prepositions. The nouns which they modify vary on what case they take.


Most Netna Sumi verbs take on endings with either an "y" or "o". The endings of the root verbs, however do by no means change the conjugation of the verb. There are three moods, indicative, imperative, and conditional. The indicative mood has two tenses, past and non-past. When using the non-past, a change of tone is often used to distinguish between present and future.
The basic verbal personal stems used in Netna Sumi are:

Past Tense

The past tense in Netna Sumi is marked with -ё-.


The non-past tense is unmarked in Netna Sumi.

The Passive Voice

Netna Sumi does not have a seperate affix to express a passive voice, rather, the word order of a sentence is changed. In an active sentence, the participants are placed in an SVO order, but in passive sentences, the order is rearanged to OV.

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